CARE & CLEANING FOR NATURE STONE SURFACES
- Care and Precautions
Use coasters under all
glasses, particularly those containing alcohol or citrus juices. Many common
foods and drinks contain acids that will etch or dull the surface of many
stones.. Use trivets or mats under silver dishes or other objects that can
scratch the surface.
- Cleaning Procedures and Recommendations
Clean stone surfaces with a few drops
of neutral cleaner, stone soap or a mild liquid dishwashing detergent and warm
water. Use a soft cloth for surfaces for best results. Too much cleaner or soap
may leave a film and cause streaks. Do not use products that contain lemon,
vinegar or other acids on marble or other calcareous stones. Rinse the surface
thoroughly after washing with the soap solution and dry with a soft cloth.
Change the rinse water frequently. Do not use scouring powders or creams; these
products contain abrasives that may scratch the stone.
In the bath or other wet areas, soap
scum can be minimized by using a squeegee after each use. To remove soap scum,
use a non-acidic soap scum remover or a solution of ammonia and water (about
1/2 cup ammonia to a gallon of water). Frequent or over-use of an ammonia
solution may eventually dull the surface of the stone.
Vanity tops may need to have a
penetrating sealer applied. Check with your installer for recommendations. A
good quality marble wax or non-yellowing automobile paste wax can be applied to
minimize water spotting.
In food preparation areas, the stone
may need to have a penetrating sealer applied. Check with your installer for
recommendations. **(CRE-8 recommends using a silicone impregnator sealer, found at home improvement
stores) If a sealer is applied, be sure that it is non-toxic and safe for
use on food preparation surfaces. If there is a question, check with the
- Spills and
Blot the spill with a paper towel immediately. Don’t
wipe the area, it will spread the spill. Flush the area with plain water and
mild soap and rinse several times. Dry the area thoroughly with a soft cloth.
Repeat as necessary. If the stain remains, refer to the section in this
brochure on stain removal.
- Stain Removal
Identifying the type of stain on the stone surface is
the key to removing it. If you don’t know what caused the stain, play
detective. Where is the stain located? Is it near a plant, a food service area,
an area where cosmetics are used? What color is it? What is the shape or
pattern? What goes on in the area around the stain?
can often be removed by cleaning with an appropriate cleaning product or
household chemical. Deep-seated or stubborn stains may require using a poultice
or calling in a professional. The following sections describe the types of
stains that you may have to deal with and appropriate household chemicals to
use and how to prepare and apply a poultice to remove the stain.
- Types of Stains and First Step Cleaning
ActionsOil-based (grease, tar, cooking oil, milk, cosmetics) An
oil-based stain will darken the stone and normally must be chemically dissolved
so the source of the stain can be flushed or rinsed away. Clean gently with a
soft, liquid cleanser with bleach OR household detergent OR ammonia OR mineral
spirits OR acetone.
tea, fruit, tobacco, paper, food, urine, leaves, bark, bird droppings) May
cause a pinkish-brown stain and may disappear after the source of the stain has
been removed. Outdoors, with the sources removed, normal sun and rain action
will generally bleach out the stains. Indoors, clean with 12% hydrogen peroxide
(hair bleaching strength) and a few drops of ammonia.
- Metal (iron, rust, copper, bronze) Iron or rust stains are
orange to brown in color and follow the shape of the staining object such as
nails, bolts, screws, cans, flower pots, metal furniture. Copper and bronze
stains appear as green or muddy-brown and result
from the action of moisture on nearby or embedded
bronze, copper or brass items. Metal stains must be removed with a poultice.
(See section on Making & Using a Poultice) Deep-seated, rusty stains are
extremely difficult to remove and the stone may be permanently stained.
- Biological (algae, mildew, lichens, moss, fungi) Clean with
dilute (1/2 cup in a gallon of water) ammonia OR bleach OR hydrogen peroxide.
DO NOT MIX BLEACH AND AMMONIA! THIS COMBINATION CREATES A TOXIC AND LETHAL GAS!
- Ink (magic marker, pen, ink) Clean with bleach or hydrogen
peroxide (light colored stone only!) or lacquer thinner or acetone (dark stones
Small amounts can be removed with
lacquer thinner or scraped off carefully with a razor blade. Heavy paint
coverage should be removed only with a commercial “heavy liquid” paint stripper
available from hardware stores and paint centers. These strippers normally
contain caustic soda or lye. Do not use acids or flame tools to strip paint
from stone. Paint strippers can etch the surface of the stone; repolishing may
be necessary. Follow the manufacturer’s directions for use of these products,
taking care to flush the area thoroughly with clean water. Protect yourself
with rubber gloves arid eye protection, and work in a well-ventilated area. Use
only wood or plastic scrapers for removing the sludge and curdled paint.
Normally, latex and acrylic paints will not cause staining. Oil-based paints,
linseed oil, putty, caulks and sealants may cause oily stains. Refer to the
section on oil-based stains.